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Nurse Practitioner Zone

Vermont Nurse Practitioner Certification

The Vermont Board of Nursing considers a CNP to be a type of APRN. Other APRNs include CRNAs, certified nurse–midwives, and CNS certified in psychiatric/mental health.

A Vermont NP is licensed to assess patients at an advanced-level; diagnose, prescribe, give medical and nursing orders; and evaluate care. In Vermont, NPs may serve as primary care providers of record and may practice independently. They specialize in a chosen population focus. The Vermont Board of Nursing recognizes the following population focus areas: family/individual across the lifespan; adult; neonatal; pediatrics; woman’s health/gender related; and psychiatric/mental health. Vermont NPs may practice in a variety of healthcare settings, such as hospitals, physician’s offices, rural-based clinics, and other healthcare systems.

To become a nurse practitioner in the state of Vermont, you must hold a valid Vermont RN license in good standing. You must also have an advanced degree from a Vermont graduate nursing program approved by the Board or a graduate nursing program that is approved by a state or a national accrediting agency. You must obtain a MSN or another nursing degree more advanced than an MSN. Your coursework must include a supervised clinical component of a minimum of 500 hours, or more, as determined necessary by the Board, depending on your population focus. Your coursework must also include advanced pharmacotherapeutics, advanced patient assessment, and advanced pathophysiology.


The University of Vermont offers an accredited MSN program that meets the requirements of the Vermont Board of Nursing. You may decide to graduate from a distance-learning program and earn your master’s degree online. Approved online programs are equivalent to campus-based programs. For the required clinical component, distance-learning faculty arrange clinical sites at areas convenient to students. An online education offers students the flexibility needed to continue to work and fulfill other personal obligations. Some nationally accredited online schools include: Graceland University, Philadelphia University, Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing, Liberty University, South University, and University of Cincinnati. Contact the Vermont Board of Nursing to find out whether your distance-learning program is approved by the state.

After you have earned your advanced degree, you will need to be certified by a national certifying body in your specialty as a NP, with at least one population focus. The national certifying organization must be recognized by the Vermont Board of Nursing.

Nurse practitioners in Vermont enjoy one of the highest average salaries in the nation for this career field, at $94,000 per year. Salary rates will vary based on location, area of specialization, level of experience, and other factors.

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Last Updated: 05/19/2014